Bandung is provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia. Located at main island of Indonesia, the Java Island on a highland plateau 768 meters above sea level, at 6°55′ S 107°36′ E.
Bandung is located 180 km southeast of Jakarta and lies at an altitude of 770 m above sea level so that it is much cooler than the coastal Indonesian capital, Jakarta. The daily average temperature ranges from 20-28oC.
Bandung has several recreational areas. Among them are tea plantations, both to the north and the south of the city, the scenery of which is indeed beautiful. The city is also rather hilly. Lembang, a famous mountain resort is only 20 minutes drive away from the ITB campus.
In the past, the city was famous for its tree-lined boulevards, fashionable shops and elegant architecture so that it was then called the Paris of Java. Some remnants of the golden era of Bandung are the Gedung Sate, Villa Isola and the ITB campus. You can also find a multitude of architecturally unique old houses on the major streets of the city. The city actually was planned to become the capital of the Netherlands Indies in the Dutch colonial era.
Today, Bandung, the capital of West Java, is described as a city of education. In and around Bandung there are three state universities, and a lot of private ones. These universities attract a large number of students from all around the country every year. This large number of students adds to the diversity of Bandung people.
Most people speak Bahasa Indonesia here but at home and on informal occasions they usually speak Sundanese. English is also widely spoken at major shops, hotels and universities. Bandung has a population of over 2 million covering an area of 9,000 hectare. Eventhough it is rather crowded, it is actually large enough to give you the feeling of a real city, but small enough to be cozy and friendly.
Aula Barat & Aula Timur
Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) is one of the oldest universities in Indonesia, this makes the buildings in the ITB has an architecture with a thick atmosphere of the past. The iconic building is “Aula Barat” (West Hall) and “Aula Timur” (East Hall), the twin buildings designed by famous Netherlands architect, Henry Maclaine Pont in 1918. Aula Barat and Aula Timur are one of four buildings in Indonesia that has been designed by Henry Maclaine Pont, who in his time has given rise to the so-called art Indisch architecture, architecture that combines elements of the archipelago with European architecture.
One of the things that attracted the attention of the hall twin buildings west and east hall is its roof. Roof fulcrum of traditional style to make local image taken from a wide range of roof models that exist in Indonesia combined form a harmony with the style of modern European buildings. Some traditional aspects contained in the auditorium of the western and eastern hall is a large-span roof and wooden small ones. Ventilation settings, spaces and entrances that correspond to the tropical climate makes this building is considered quite perfect in that period.
Aula Barat ITB and Aula Timur ITB is completely unchanged from the beginning of its construction, therefore that the twin buildings has very high historical value. The shape of the building were never replaced, makes these twin buildings maintained its authenticity. Although some parts suffered minor damage because with age, the parts replaced only in moderation without changing the basic framework of the Aula Barat and Aula Timur ITB, making Aula Barat and Aula Timur ITB a timeless creation.